1998BOGNA GOWRONSKA - NOVAK - EUGENIUSZ KWIATKAWSKI - POWEL KUBIAK
On some determinants of regional unemployment in Poland transition, 23p.
Transition of Poland from a centrally planned economy to a market system has been accompanied by the significant changes in the labour market. There isappeared shortages of labour and excess demand for labour which existed permanently under the centrally planned economy aud there appeared open unemployment and excess supply in the labour market. In order to explain the development and determinants of unemployment in the Polish economy it is not enough to look at the aggregate variables. Insights into regional aspects of the labour market can also contribute into better understanding of Polish employment as regional variation of unemployment is relatively high in Poland. The main goals of the paper are to show the variation of regional unemployment in Poland in transition and indicate the role of restructuring and the level of socio-economic development in determining regional variation of unemployment. In particular, we indentify two extreme (the best and the worst) types of regions with respect to unemployment rate, level of socio-economic development, dynamics of ructuring and try to answer the question whether the variation of regional unemployment is associated with the regional levels of socio-economic development and the regional dynamics of restructuring.